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Diving Deeper

Raising Awareness of the Health Impacts of Coal Plant Pollution

Related Focus Area: Power Plants

Toll From Coal Interactive Map

Toll From Coal Map

In 2000, 2004 and again in 2010, the Clean Air Task Force issued studies based on a methodology and model created by Abt Associates, U.S EPA’s own health benefits consultant, based on peer-reviewed, published studies by the nation’s leading public health researchers, quantifying the deaths and other adverse health effects attributable to the fine particle air pollution resulting from coal-fired power plant emissions. Since 2004, CATF has presented this data on our website in the form of an interactive map that allows the user to click on individual power plants to learn the health impacts attributable to each. Using the most recent emissions data available (2016), in this 2018 study, CATF has updated our estimates. The “Toll from Coal” map above is available here and at

This latest report finds that over 3,000 deaths each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. power plants. This represents a dramatic reduction in power plant health impacts from the previous studies. Our initial study in 2000 estimated the number of attributable deaths at 30,000 per year. By 2004, the number of attributable deaths in our study had fallen to 24,000. By 2010, the number was roughly 13,000 deaths per year. In 2014, that number had fallen to 7,500 deaths.

These reductions reflect the success of the efforts of advocates to win a variety of federal and state regulatory and enforcement initiatives that CATF has supported, including the Mercury and Air Toxics Rule (MATS) and the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR), the active enforcement of existing regulations such as New Source Review (NSR), the successes of the Sierra Club’s “Beyond Coal” Campaign in winning the retirement of coal units, and the falling prices of cleaner energy sources such as renewables and natural gas. Since 2004, these measures have dropped Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) pollution by 80% and Nitrogen Oxide (NOx) by 70%, the leading components of fine particle pollution. This was achieved through the near doubling of the number of scrubbers (the technology used for reducing SO2 pollution) installed at power plants and additional retirements of coal capacity. The MATS rule alone is saving nearly 11,000 lives per year. Yet, despite this progress, the Trump Administration, portions of the coal industry and several recalcitrant states persist in trying to overturn the MATS rule in court and reverse this life-saving trend.

The updated study shows that strong regulations that require stringent emission controls can have a dramatic impact in reducing air pollution across the country, saving lives, and avoiding a host of other adverse health impacts. The study also shows regrettably that some areas of the country still suffer from unnecessary levels of pollution from power plants that could be cleaned up with the application of proven emission control technologies.
Toll From Coal Screen Grabs

The interactive map above allows you to learn of the risk in your state or county simply by clicking on the power plant icons on the map or typing in your city, state and zip code. Simply click on your state or click on a power plant to view a variety of health impacts and other demographic data.