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Implementing climate and community beneficial clean hydrogen hubs

A hydrogen hub is a regional network consisting of the production, end-use, and connective infrastructure needed to produce, transport, store, and use clean hydrogen in a functional regional market.  

These potentially large demonstration projects are intended to test and prove out the technologies needed to minimize the greenhouse gas emissions intensity of hydrogen production, to use it in new applications to aid decarbonization, and to store and transport it in new ways to meet the demands of a newly formed national hydrogen market. 

hydrogen hub

U.S. Hydrogen Hubs

CATF’s Zero-Carbon Fuels team works alongside hub developers, community organizations, policymakers, and DOE to ensure these hubs maximize climate and community benefits. Hubs that maximize climate and community benefits have the following characteristics:  

1. Low-carbon production

The hubs program will support hubs with a variety of production pathways ranging from renewables to natural gas to nuclear energy. The upstream emissions from producing the natural gas and/or electricity used to make hydrogen must be absolutely minimized.

H2 Hubs should produce hydrogen that has a carbon intensity below 4kgCO2e/kgH2 in alignment with the Clean Hydrogen Production Standard and accounting for full upstream emissions in the Lifecycle Assessment (LCA).

2. End-uses for maximum climate benefit

The hubs program is required to demo H2 in a variety of end uses, but not all end uses for hydrogen are equal in their climate impact. H2 Hubs should prioritize end uses that require hydrogen to decarbonize. 

Priority 1: Crude oil refining, petrochemicals production, ammonia production, methanol production, steel and iron production.

Priority 2: Renewable fuels production, sustainable aviation fuels, marine shipping fuel, heavy duty trucking fuel.

3. Maximizing community benefit

H2 Hubs should: 

  • Engage communities during the project design process prior to decision-making and give communities clear opportunities to influence key project decisions.
  • Empower and allow impacted communities to determine the local benefits that hubs are working to create as part of their Community Benefits Plans.
  • Ensure that hubs are developed sagely and that all project risks are absolutely minimized.

Appalachian Regional Clean Hydrogen Hub (ARCH2)

States: Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky (economic impacts only)

Prime Applicant: Battelle

CATF Lead: Sam Bailey

Alliance for Renewable Clean Hydrogen Energy Systems (ARCHES)

State: California

Prime Applicant: Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development (Go-Biz)

CATF Lead: Maggie Field

Heartland Hydrogen Hub

States: Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin

Prime Applicant: University of North Dakota’s Energy and Environmental Research Center

CATF Lead: Ian Champ

HyVelocity Hub

States: Texas (and potentially Louisiana)

Prime Applicant: GTI Energy and Center for Houston’s Future

CATF Lead: Matthew Holland

Mid-Atlantic Clean Hydrogen Hub (MACH2)

States: Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey

Prime Applicant: Mid-Atlantic Clean Hydrogen Hub

CATF Lead: Sam Bailey

Midwest Alliance for Clean Hydrogen (MachH2)

States: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Kentucky, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin

Prime Applicant: Constellation

CATF Lead: Ian Champ

Pacific Northwest Clean Hydrogen Hub (PNW H2 Hub)

States: Washington, Oregon, Montana

Prime Applicant: The Pacific Northwest Hydrogen Association

CATF Lead: Maggie Field

DOE’s Regional Clean Hydrogen Hub’s program is currently in the Award Negotiation phase, which is expected to last through early 2024. We will update this timeline as the program progresses.  

Pre-application process 2022-2024

Implementation timeline

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U.S. regional resources

Europe resources

Low-carbon hydrogen production

High priority use cases for hydrogen

Community engagement and benefits