Skip to main content
Focus Area

Advanced Energy Systems

Power Lines

CATF’s advanced energy systems project brings analysis to bear on the question of what kind of technologies will be required to achieve an affordable, zero carbon energy system by mid-century, and catalyzes private sector activity and public policy to make those technologies into 
real options.

This focus area also explores and advocates for innovation needed in the private sector to advance zero carbon energy options such as advanced geothermal energy and zero carbon direct fuels.


Biden Administration Proposes Kick-Starting Hydrogen. That’s Good News for Climate and for Jobs.

Emission reductions across different sectors of the economy will not follow a one-size-fits–all approach. Hydrogen has been identified as a key solution that reduces carbon emissions for sectors where electrification and other measures are not sufficient. President Biden’s American Jobs Plan includes 15 hydrogen projects aimed to decarbonize a range of industrial applications in distressed communities and could create at least 18,000 jobs in 2025. This is very good news for the climate and for the American economy.  No one ever said that eliminating the emissions

April 21, 2021
Advanced Energy Systems

Accelerating Decarbonization with Zero-Carbon Fuels

Conventional fuels provide more than 80% of global end-use energy today – accounting for a significant piece of our global carbon emissions. Zero-carbon fuels like hydrogen (“H2”) and ammonia (“NH3”) are energy carriers that emit no carbon dioxide when consumed, and could replace conventional fuels in some parts of heavy transportation, industry, and power generation. […]

April 1, 2021
Advanced Energy Systems

A New Study on Electric Reliability under Deep Decarbonization in New England

A new study, carried out by the Energy Futures Initiative (EFI) and Energy and Environmental Economics (E3), is a thoughtful and rigorous analysis of what could be required to achieve net-zero economy-wide GHG emissions in New England, emphasizing the need to substantially expand the region’s electric sector, the importance of firm clean energy resources along […]

November 18, 2020
Advanced Energy Systems

Another Gigawatt-Scale Hydrogen Project Is On The Drawing Board, And This Time It’s Deep “Blue”

While support is growing for the need to decarbonize the global economy, many believe it will be very challenging to get there. And a growing number agree we’ll need all the tools available to us if we’re going to have a shot by mid-century, in time to avoid the worst impacts of climate change. Included […]

September 10, 2020
Advanced Energy Systems

Putting a (Green) Thumb on the Scale: Decarbonizing the Transportation Sector Will Require Policies that Support Specific Technologies

Technology neutrality is frequently cited as a key positive attribute of the low carbon fuel standard (LCFS) policy approach. By allowing regulated entities to utilize any technology or system that delivers carbon intensity (CI) reductions, LCFS policies can enlist market-driven innovation by opening the decarbonization challenge to an unlimited set of potential solutions. If various […]

July 23, 2020
Advanced Energy Systems

Building a Globally Networked Supply of Zero-Carbon Shipping Fuel

Decarbonizing the global marine shipping sector will require policy, technology, and industrial advancements that are built for the long haul. The changes will have to be implemented over a period of years by a highly-coordinated international network of public and private sector stakeholders. The cooperation of major ports to facilitate the use of zero carbon […]

July 8, 2020

Our Efforts

The global decarbonization challenge is enormous.

The global decarbonization challenge is enormous. Carbon levels are higher than they have ever been in human habitation on the planet – with most of the increases coming since 1950 – and we are adding carbon into the atmosphere at 100 times faster than any previous rate in geologic history. The last time carbon levels were as high as they are now predicted to be in 2050, there were crocodiles in Wyoming and palm trees in the Arctic. To slow warming to the point where human society and ecosystems can adapt, we need a radical reduction in carbon emissions by mid-century, and a zero carbon energy system soon thereafter.

But the path forward is not clear or agreed on. Advocates of various solutions available today – whether nuclear, renewables, carbon capture, energy demand reduction or demand modification, energy storage, and carbon removal – sometimes insist that their solution is the sole or dominant answer. This cacophony of competing claims makes it difficult for policymakers, much less the voting public, and investors to intelligently evaluate and support a sensible set of policies and private sector investments.

CATF’s Advanced Energy Systems work aims to bring clarity to the decarbonization process by, first, illuminating through analysis the kinds of solution sets (as opposed to individual technology widgets) that, in combination, are likely to maximize our chance of success in taming carbon. Second, CATF’s work aims to evaluate and expand the number of technology options we can have available to decarbonize the planet’s energy systems by assessing their feasibility and economics, and then devising plans to bring promising options to commercial status. In this way, CATF tries to move the world beyond a zero-sum climate deadlock into an abundance of solutions allowing progress.

Our Goal

Provide the world with a vision of practical, resilient pathways to a zero carbon energy system.
Our Impact In

Advanced Energy Systems

Scope of Work

Analysis: Collaborates with some of the world’s leading energy system experts to analyze and understand underlying world energy demand as projected through mid-century and identify potential zero carbon technologies and systems in order to describe and evaluate potential pathways to deep decarbonization.

Commercial Assessment and Support: CATF scouts new zero carbon technology in development, and works with private sector technology developers and investors to speed demonstration and commercialization of these technologies through collaboration on business and technology strategy, as well as supporting public policy change, where appropriate.

Education & Advocacy: CATF seeks to educate key decision makers, stakeholders, philanthropists, media, etc. on the risks of relying on too few pathways to decarbonization. CATF is using its analysis to develop a framework for decision makers to create highly resilient zero carbon energy system pathways. This framework will move the decarbonization debate beyond disputes over specific technological endpoints:

  • so much of one resource or another, which are all highly uncertain and unpredictable
  • to illuminate broader principles of how technology portfolios might endure greater chance of success.


CATF’s energy systems analysis has played an important role in changing the global conversation on decarbonized energy systems.

Our central insight – that decarbonizing global power grids at an affordable cost is more likely if we have a variety of tools and especially zero carbon firm power – has been now accepted across a broad swath of government, civil society and the media. Over the years, CATF’s assessments of specific technologies such as battery storage, biochar, zero carbon liquid fuels, and wind energy has generated substantial interest and have changed the way these technologies are considered, pursued, and modeled.

Current Projects

What We're Working On

  • Project

    Energy Innovation

  • Project

    Decarbonized Power Grids

  • Project

    Requirements for Energy Efficiency Improvements

  • Project

    Zero Carbon Liquid Fuels

  • Project

    Advanced Geothermal Energy